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There are a number of festivals, holidays and other events celebrated in Madrid each year.
The main ones are listed below.

January 1: New Year's Day (national holiday)

January 5 Cavalcada dels Reis Mags (celebrated nationwide)

For this tradition held on the eve of Epiphany, a procession of colourfully decorated floats is accompanied by boisterous music, through the streets of Barcelona, distributing sweets to children.

January 6 Epiphany (Día dels Reis) (national holiday)

This is an especially important day of the year for Spanish children, since it is on Epiphany (and not Christmas) that they receive their gifts. The holiday is celebrated quietly with family members.

The week before Easter Holy Week (national holiday)

Holy Week, which begins on Palm Sunday and ends with the Easter Vigil, is an important time in Madrid. Numerous celebrations and services include huge processions in the narrow streets of the old city before arriving at Barcelona's Gothic cathedral.

May 1: Labour Day (national holiday)

May 2: Fiesta de la Comunidad de Madrid (Dos de Mayo, regional holiday)

On this day in 1808, Napoleon's troops put down an uprising in Madrid. Many concerts and dance parties organised carry on late into the night, especially in the Malasaña district.

June 3–August 30: PhotoEspaña (local event)

This highlight of photography and visual arts features around 60 exhibitions, held in museums, galleries and art centres. The festival also organizes debates and discussions, making Madrid the world capital of photography every summer.

June 12: Fiesta de San Antonio (local event)

One of the most popular traditions in Madrid: young single women flock to the Ermita de San Antonio de la Florida, to beg Saint Anthony to provide them with a partner by throwing pins into a font and dipping in their hands. Street fairs, including many activities for children, are also held on that day.

October 12: Spanish National Day (Día de la Hispanidad, national holiday)

On this day, Spaniards commemorate the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus in 1492. The anniversary is celebrated each year with a military parade along the Paseo de la Castellana, attended by the Spanish royal family and drawing thousands of spectators. Festivities also include a number of cultural events (exhibitions and shows) as well as a fireworks display and dance parties.

December 25: Christmas (national holiday)

December 31: New Year's Eve (national holiday)

Thousands of Madrileños pack into the central Plaza de la Puerta del Sol, holding little bags of grapes, to wait for the clock on the Casa de Correos that gives Spain its official time to strike midnight. As the hour arrives, everyone clutches their handful of grapes in readiness and then eats one grape at each of the twelve chimes, to ensure good luck for the twelve months to come. Champagne flows and best wishes are exchanged all round to ring in the new year, with celebrations extending into the early hours.

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Madrid has a very dry, continental Mediterranean climate. Summers are hot, with temperatures often reaching higher than 40°C (104°F). A rainy period is usually experienced in November and December. Winters can be fairly cold with frequent frosts at night and occasional snowfall.

Month Min. Average Temperature (°C/F°) Max. Average Temperature (°C/F°) Average Rains (MM) Best Time to Travel
January 3/37 10/50 37/1.5 Not the best period to go
February 4/39 12/54 35/1.4 Not the best period to go
March 6/43 16/61 26/1.0 Not the best period to go
April 7/45 17/63 47/1.9 Not the best period to go
May 11/52 21/70 52/2.0 Good period to go Good period to go
June 15/59 27/81 25/1.0 Good period to go Good period to go
July 18/64 31/88 15/0.6 Good period to go Good period to go
August 18/64 31/88 10/0.4 Good period to go Good period to go
September 15/59 26/79 28/1.1 Good period to go Good period to go
October 10/50 19/66 49/1.9 Not the best period to go
November 6/43 13/55 56/2.2 Not the best period to go
December 4/39 10/50 56/2.2 Not the best period to go
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Madrid- Barajas Adolfo Suárez International Airport

Madrid's Barajas International Airport is located about 12 kilometres (7.5 miles) from the city centre.

  • Four terminals:
    • Terminal 1
    • Terminal 2 (Air France)
    • Terminal 3
    • Terminal 4

Getting from the airport to Madrid and back:
  • By car
    • Accessible via the M-40 motorway, with a travel time of about 20 minutes.
    • Express parking, for dropping off and picking up passengers, as well as other long-term and motorcycle parking facilities are available at each terminal.
    • Several car rental companies have counters on the arrivals level at Terminal 1 and Terminal 4.
  • By commuter rail
    • From Terminal 4, Lines C1 and C10 connect the airport with the city centre. One-way fare is EUR 2.60.
  • By underground
    • Line 8 of the Madrid Metro runs from all airport terminals to central Madrid. Travel time is 10-15 minutes and a single ticket costs EUR 6.
  • By bus
    • Linea Exprés (line N 203) runs from Terminals 1, 2 and 4 to Atocha train station. A single ticket costs EUR 5. Buses leave every 15 to 20 minutes during the daytime (from 6:00 a.m. to 11:30 p.m.) and every 35 minutes at night (from 11:30 p.m. to 6:00 a.m.)
  • By taxi
    • Taxi ranks are located outside the arrivals area at each terminal. Flat-rate fare of EUR 30 for all journeys between the airport and the city centre.

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Getting around Madrid using public transport is easy and relatively inexpensive. The Madrid Metro and the city's many bus routes serve the entire metropolitan area non-stop.

By bus

Madrid's bus network offers dense coverage of the city and the routes are efficient, fast and convenient. Buses run every day from 6 a.m. to 11:30 p.m. 2 lines of night buses, called búhos (owls) start running when regular service ends, from 11:45 p.m. to 4:00 a.m. A single ticket costs EUR 1.50.

By sightseeing bus

Madrid City Tour operates around the city on bright red double-decker buses, with two different sightseeing routes. Buses on the daytime routes run between 9 a.m. and 10 p.m. in Summer and between 10 a.m. and 6 p.m. the remainder of the year.

City Pass

The Abono Turístico tourist pass is the most inexpensive and convenient way to get around Madrid. It offers unlimited use of the buses and the Metro during its entire validity period. Passes are available for 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 7 days, starting from EUR 8.40.

By rail

The Madrid Metro is particularly efficient and serves the entire metropolitan area. A single journey within the city centre (zone A) costs EUR 1.50.

By taxi

Taxis are plentiful in Madrid. It is always easy to find one, at any time of the day or night. The initial charge is EUR 2.40, then EUR 1.25 per kilometre.

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Visitor information

Upon your arrival in Madrid, you can get in touch with local tourism professionals for further information and to help organise your stay.

Plaza Mayor Tourist Center

Offers practical information and useful recommendations (accommodation, restaurants, public transport, festivals, cultural events, etc.).

Tourist information kiosks

At various locations throughout the city, Madrid's tourism authority also operates smaller kiosks offering information and recommendations for visiting Madrid and its surrounding area:

  • Cibeles: Plaza Cibeles, 1 (Bulevar Paseo del Prado)
  • Plaza de Callao: Plaza de Callao, 28012
  • Paseo del Prado: Plaza de Neptuno 28014
  • Atocha: Rondade Atocha, s/n (junto al Museo Reina Sofía), 28012

Further information available online for visitors to Spain

The website maintained by Instituto de Turismo de España (Turespaña), Spain's official tourism institution, provides a wealth of information on Madrid.

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Medical information

In order to travel in the best conditions and for your health and safety, we invite you to check all information regarding preventive measures and best practices to be respected, available on the official website of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs: https://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/en/country-files/

Your comfort, well-being and health are at the heart of Air France's concerns, and we want to help you prepare for your trip in the best way possible. Find out more about the measures taken to ensure safe travelling on our website: https://www.airfrance.fr/FR/en/common/page_flottante/information/coronavirus.htm#notre-engagement-sanitaire

See your doctor before you travel. It is also recommended to take out insurance covering medical expenses and repatriation before your trip. Madrid counts several hospitals and medical institutions, as well as quality medical practitioners and health specialists.


There are no vaccination requirements for visitors to Spain. For more information, contact Air France's international vaccination centre:

Food safety

There are no specific food safety risks.

Food safety

There are no food safety risks in Madrid.


Tap water is safe to drink in Madrid.

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Administrative formalities

Entry requirements for Spain

As a French citizen, you do not need to obtain a visa if you will be staying in Spain for less than three months. However, your national identity card or passport must be valid for the duration of your stay.

To enjoy peace of mind during your stay in Madrid and Spain, be sure to check with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in your home country for the latest travel information and recommendations. Comprehensive information that may be helpful is also provided on the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ website:


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Useful Addresses

Spanish Embassy in France

French Embassy in Spain

Spanish Consulate General in Paris

French Consulate General in Madrid

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Essential phrases

Here are a few basic Spanish phrases that will make your stay in Madrid a little easier:

Hello / Good morning / Good afternoon: ¡ Buenos días ! (morning) / ¡ Buenas tardes ! (afternoon) Hello / Good morning / Good afternoon: <em>¡ Buenos días ! (morning) / ¡ Buenas tardes ! (afternoon)</em>

Good evening: Buenas noches Good evening: <em>Buenas noches</em>

Goodbye: Adiós Goodbye: <em>Adiós</em>

Yes: Yes: <em>Sí</em>

No: No No: <em>No</em>

No, thank you: No, gracias No, thank you: <em>No, gracias</em>

Thank you very much: Muchas gracias Thank you very much: <em>Muchas gracias</em>

Please: Por favor Please: <em>Por favor</em>

I don't understand: No entiendo I don't understand: <em>No entiendo</em>

Could you repeat ?: ¿ Puede repetir ? Could you repeat ?: <em>¿ Puede repetir ?</em>

What time is it ?: ¿ Que hora es ? What time is it ?: <em>¿ Que hora es ?</em>

Sorry: Disculpe (to say sorry)
Excuse me: Con permiso (to get past) / ¡ Por favor ! (to get attention). Sorry: <em>Disculpe (to say sorry)</em><br />
Excuse me: <em>Con permiso (to get past) / ¡ Por favor ! (to get attention).</em>

Airport: Aeropuerto Airport: <em>Aeropuerto</em>

Train station: Estación de trenes Train station: <em>Estación de trenes</em>

Taxi: Taxi Taxi: <em>Taxi</em>

Hotel: Hotel Hotel: <em>Hotel</em>

Hospital: Hospital Hospital: <em>Hospital</em>

Bank: Banco Bank: <em>Banco</em>

Telephone: Teléfono Telephone: <em>Teléfono</em>

I'm (…): Yo soy (…) I'm (…): <em>Yo soy (…)</em>

I'm looking for (…): Estoy buscando (…) I'm looking for (…): <em>Estoy buscando (…)</em>

How much is (…)?: ¿ Cuál es el precio de (…) ? /¿ Cuánto es ? How much is (…)?: <em>¿ Cuál es el precio de (…) ? /¿ Cuánto es ?</em>

Do you have (…)?: ¿ Tiene (…) ? Do you have (…)?: <em>¿ Tiene (…) ?</em>

Where can I find (…)?: ¿ Dónde puedo encontrar (…) ? Where can I find (…)?: <em>¿ Dónde puedo encontrar (…) ?</em>

Where can I buy (…)?: ¿ Dónde puedo comprar (…) ? Where can I buy (…)?: <em>¿ Dónde puedo comprar (…) ?</em>

I'd like (…): Quisiera (…). I'd like (…): <em>Quisiera (…).</em>

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Good to know

+ phone number (without 0)
0 : 00
of time difference with
Start of daylight saving time: last Sunday in March
End of daylight saving time: last Sunday in October


Usually open Tuesday to Saturday from 8:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. and 4:30 p.m. to 8 p.m.

Usually open Monday to Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 8:30 p.m.
230 V / 50 Hz

As is the case elsewhere in Spain, tipping is not expected in Madrid. In principle, the service charge is included in the bill. But if you are particularly pleased with the service, you may certainly round up the bill or leave a few extra euros on the table.

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