The nerve centre of the city, built in 1539 under the name of Plaza Mayor, the square provides a framework for celebrations, masses, and bullfights. It was here that the 'cry for independence' rang out on July 20, 1810.
At its centre is a bronze statue of Simon Bolivar, cast in 1846 by Italian artist Pietro Tenerani, the first public monument in the city, where the hero of independence seems to watch over the population. It is lined with buildings of different architectural styles such as the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception and the chapel containing the tomb of independence hero Antonio Nariño. Here, too, is the Liévano, the Renaissance palace that houses the City Hall, the courthouse, and the National Capitol, which acts as the presidential palace. While most of these buildings date from the Republican period, they were built on the site of the old colonial buildings surrounding the square. Despite the administrative character of the area, we suggest you avoid walking alone at night.
Cll 42 con 7, Carrera 7