The Kaw swamp/marsh is one of six natural reserves in French Guiana, each created by the French state because of its exceptional and unique biodiversity. This wildlife sanctuary has been in existence since the Pleistocene era; until the colonial period, it was only peopled by Native American tribes. The remains of a village, along with vestiges of tools and engraved stones, were recently discovered on Mount Favard. Carbon-14 dating of charred wood and pottery shards shows that the village originated around 170 years AD.
The village of Kaw, a town completely surrounded by wetlands and a floating savannah, is a natural wonderland full of mysteries and surprises. Nicknamed the Everglades of French Guiana, this green kingdom is a bird-watching paradise, home to many species, including large wading birds and herons, as well as one of the biggest members of the order Crocodilia, the black caiman.