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Cacao: an authentic Hmong village


Starting in 1975, the Hmong ethnic group from Thailand, China, and Laos immigrated to the American continent to escape conflicts linked to the wars in Indochina.

Welcomed by Catholics and supported by French officials, many Hmong choose to settle in French Guiana, an under-populated department where the climate and flora are identical to the biotope in Laos. French Guiana greatly needed to develop its agriculture, as their fruits and vegetables up until then were purchased from the Surinamese and Brazilians.

The Hmong were given permission to create, in 1977, the village of Cacao, 70 kilometres from Cayenne. After years of struggling, these agrarian people have now successfully cultivated the land. They have also perpetuated their traditions and preserved their oral language.

At Sunday market, a colourful and lively affair, they proudly display their fruits and vegetables, as well as their beautifully embroidered fabrics and crafts.

  • Cacao Village
  • Route Nationale 2
  • Cacao 97352

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