In the 4th century, a Phoenician commercial outpost was set up where the Casbah stands. At the time of the Zirid dynasty, the “casbah” and its ottoman-built wall was the highest point in the medina quarter.
Doors are supposed to be shut at night. 50,000 people live in this white citadel of blind walls, tiny windows and flat roofs cascading towards the harbour.
The casbah is hidden behind the French-style built Place des Martyrs. The old quarter seems wide and large, but all inhabitants know each other. In the morning, you can cross paths at the market stands, offering dates, medlars and tangerines. Small workshops, palaces, mosqs, hammams and souks make the fabric of the district, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992 for it remains intact, simple, true and warm.